The seventh largest country in the world, India is a land of rich and diverse flora and fauna. However, the total forest cover of the country is a poor 21% of the total land area, but the exotic plant and animal life found in them is rare and highly fascinating. A significant part of these have been turned into wildlife sanctuaries & national parks, in order to preserve and protect; as well as for commercial purposes that in no way harm the first motive.
India has many a number of amazing National Parks that attract national as well as international visitors. These offer an enriching experience to wildlife enthusiasts, nature lovers, and even the purpose less traveler - all alike. Here is a list of some of the best Parks in India that are considered to be hot spots for tourists:
The word sunderban literally translates into ‘beautiful woods’ in English, and this National Park is rightly so. A picturesque place to visit. The National Park cum Tiger reserve is located at a distance of 130 km from Kolkata. The reserve spread across an area of 2585 km squares, of which the National Park covers only 1330 km squares. Apart from the big cat, it is a peaceful abode of many reptiles, wild boar, deer, birds and monkeys. The sunderban forests are also called the mangrove forests and are world renowned for the expert swimmers that the tigers are.
Kaziranga National Park
This Park is located in the North-eastern State Assam, in the region by the name Nagaon and Golaghat. The key attraction of Kaziranga is the One-horned Rhinos (the largest population in the entire world). Also the Asiatic Buffalo, the Royal Bengal Tiger and Asian Elephants are found here. The park is the abode of many endangered bird species too. Kazinranga National Park has been one of the best animal conservation reserves in the country. Strict rules and regulations are followed in order to save the valued fauna. If a poacher is found they can be shot on the spot.
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Periyar National Park
It is a Tiger Reserve situated in Kerala. It was established in the year 1985. Apart from the tigers, the elephants leisurely playing in the lake is a charming sight that attracts many visitors. This park also is the abode of the rare Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiri Ibex), besides barking deer, mouse deer, dole etc. The Periyar National Park has boat cruises for the visitors to explore the place. October to June is the best time to visit this reserve.
Corbett National Park:
The Corbett National Park was earlier known as Hailey National Park. It was established in the year 1936 and is the oldest wildlife park in the country. It is located in the Nainital district in the state of Uttarakhand. The park houses a wide variety of animal species, among them being the Bengal Tiger, leopards, elephants, varied reptile and birds. The best way to explore the place is by taking a Jeep Safari. The park is & hour ride away from the national capital Delhi.
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Kanha National Park
This national park in the state of Madhya Pradesh boasts of rich saal and bamboo forests; apart from pretty grasslands, lakes and streams. It is one of the biggest in the country and houses the barahsingha (swamp deer), tigers and a number of other animal and bird species. There are safari tours organized twice a day, but to see the tigers it is better to be a part of the tiger show that happens in the morning. Watching tigers, while you have a royal elephant ride will be one of the most fond memories you’ll take from here.
Situated in the deserts of Rajasthan, the Ranthambore National Park has a unique rugged appeal. It is like visiting an old fort inhabited by exotic wildlife. The best time to visit the place is from March to June, as that is when the animals are out wandering around to quench their thirst. The park is divided into 10 zones and there are guided tours available for the visitors to explore the entire park conveniently.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park
A sprawling national park in the mainland of Mumbai
Sanjay Gandhi National Park is unique for the surprising location. It is one of Asia’s most visited parks. The dense forests are inhabited by fascinating wildlife species, butterflies and birds. It offers a great nature scene with hills, lakes and valley all encompassed. The 102 sq km large park is one of the largest within a city. There are guided tours available. It is a pleasant soothing escape from the glamour and chaos of the city.